1,586 Disaster Events causing 438 Deaths and Disappearances during 2019

Jakarta - Disaster events continue to increase in Indonesia. The impact of the disaster is also quite large. Disasters not only causing casualties and damage to buildings, but also economic losses that reducing the development targets.


During 2019, from 1/1/2019 to 30/4/2019, there were 1,586 disasters happen in Indonesia. The impact of the disasters causing 325 people died, 113 people missing, 1,439 people injured, and 996,143 people evacuated and suffered. Physical damage data recorded 3,588 houses severely damaged, 3,289 houses moderately damaged, 15,376 houses slightly damaged, 325 educational buildings damaged, 235 worship facilities damaged, and 78 health facilities damaged.


More than 98 percent of the disasters that occurred were hydro-meteorological disasters, while 2 percent were geological disasters. During 2019, there were three catastrophic events that caused significant casualties and losses:

  1. Floods and landslides in South Sulawesi on 1/22/2019, causing 82 people died, 3 people missing, and 47 people injured. Losses and damages were estimated at Rp.926 billion.

  2. Floods and landslides in Sentani, Papua Province on 3/16/2019, causing 112 people died, 82 people missing, and 965 people injured. Losses and damages reached Rp.668 billion.

  3. Floods and landslides in Bengkulu on 4/27/2019 causing 29 people died, 13 people missing, and 4 people injured. Losses and damages of around Rp.200 billion (temporary data).


Statistically compared to 2018 in the same period, the disasters incidence in 2019 increased 7.2 percent. In 2018 there were 1,480 disasters, while in 2019, 1,586 disasters happened. For fatalities, it also increases around 192 percent, where in 2018 there were 150 people died and missing, while in 2019 the dead and missing victims were 438 people. The number of injured victims also increased 212 percent. The injured in 2018 were 461 people, while in 2019 it become 1,439 people.


Based on the distribution of disasters per province, disasters occur most frequently in Central Java (472 incidents), West Java (367), East Java (245), South Sulawesi (70) and Aceh (51). As for per district/city, disasters occur most frequently in Sukabumi District (50 events), Semarang (43), Bogor (42), Majalengka (38) and Temanggung (37).


Those disaster statistic does not only contain numbers, but it also has meaning, that the threat of disaster will continues to increase. Several number of disasters in 2019 was caused by heavy rainfall, a trigger for floods and landslides. The combination of nature and anthropogenic is the main cause of the increasing disaster.


The level of public preparedness in facing major disasters is still low. Mitigation of both structural and non-structural conditions is still not a priority in regional development. Many disaster management efforts still focus on disaster emergencies. Prevention and preparedness efforts still need to be improved.


The increasing incidence of disasters should become a learning, so that it does not repeat itself in the future. Even if it happens again, the impact of the disaster can be minimized. Therefore, disaster risk reduction and disaster mitigation must be integrated in development. Risk reduction and disaster mitigation are investments in development.


Currently, the emergency response is still being carried out in Bengkulu, West Coast, and other locations. Search, rescue and disaster evacuation in Bengkulu is still ongoing. The impact of the disaster in Bengkulu is currently 29 people died, 13 people missing, 4 people injured, 12,000 people relocated, 13,000 people affected, 211 livestock animals died, 184 houses damaged, and 40 infrastructure points were damaged.


The same thing is still happening in Sigi, Central Sulawesi. Mud floods hit three sub-districts, namely, South Dolo District; Gumbasa District; and Kulawi District on 4/28/2019 afternoon. Floods causing 1 person dead, 2,793 people evacuated, 5 houses gone, 36 houses severely damaged, and 528 houses submerged in floods and mud. Mud thickness varies from 10 cm to 3.5 meters. Special handling is needed, especially cleaning thick mud.


Sutopo Purwo Nugroho

Head of Data Information and Public Relations Center, BNPB

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